Biggest producer is Turkey, which traditionally brings 70-80% of the world crop. In 2009, Turkey produced 500 000 tons of hazelnuts, that's almost 6.9 kg of hazelnuts per capita.
600 530 hectares (100% + increase since 1961) were dedicated to hazelnut production in 2009, a territory similar to occupied Palestinian territories. That is 0.387 % of all permanent crop land in the world.
Assuming 40 % to be edible weight , world crop of 2009 could provide about 2.65 million people with 2000 calories a day.
Prices vary and go up consistently:
|Turkey has exported 137,774 tonnes of hazelnuts in the first four months of the 2010-2011 export season and earned 805.4 million USD.|
|According to the Union of Black Sea Hazelnut Exporters, Turkey exported hazelnuts to around 90 countries in all corners of the world between September 1, 2010 and December 31, 2010 and earned 805.4 million USD from the exports.|
104,491 tonnes of Turkish hazelnuts went to European Union (EU) countries in the first four months of the export season.
Turkey had exported 104,161 tonnes of hazelnuts in the same term last year and had earned 639.2 million USD.
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Land usage, in hectares:
Production, in tonnes: