11 countries are producing cloves commercially, and the world crop of 2009 was 116 739 tonnes. That's about 17.1 grams of cloves per year per potential consumer. That is about 200 individual cloves. Usually it takes anywhere from 9 to 15 million individual cloves to come up with 1 metric ton.
Biggest producer and consumer of cloves is Indonesia, which is producing over 70% of world's cloves. Smoking cloves is a very popular habit in Indonesia. Biggest producer per capita is Comoros islands, (over 5 kg of cloves). Comoros dedicated over 5.8% of their territory to clove production ( 25% of all permanent crop land).
Biggest concentration of the trees you will find on Pemba, a big Tanzanian island . Almost 3 500 000 clove trees are grown there, on 984 sq km. Somehow they find room for 385 000 local residents as well. A glass of bottled water will get some clove under taste and smell within a few minutes on that island. A lot of Eugenol, the main aromatic clove oil, is in the air.
Best crop ever of cloves was in 2003, (153 048 t), worst, since 1961-- 19 090 tonnes in 1962.
Best worldwide yields since 1961 were in 1967, 402 kg/ha. Worst were in 1989 ( 147.6 kg/ha). Record yield belongs to China 1166.6 kg/ha in 2004. China started to produce its first cloves in 1986.
Note as of 25/05/ 2011 --> crop of cloves in Indonesia is expected to fall dramatically this year to 25 000 tonnes vs the usual 85 000.Prices for cloves in Indonesia are reaching $5500 per ton and local consumers are starting to buy cloves from Brazil and other major exporters.
Update March 2012-- Brazil and most others are sold out; prices are around $15-20 000 per ton. Interesting times ahead.
List of all articles at Ironrye:
Production by country, 2007 2008 2009
Brazil Cloves 5000 6000 6500 (2010--6000 t )
|United Republic of Tanzania|
|World + (Total)|
|My main sources are FAO.org, USDA.gov, CIA.gov, alibaba.com and many others. . Thank you for your visit!|