|root of ginger, Zingiber officinale|
Now, Ginger is grown in 32 countries commercially. The biggest producer (and also consumer ) of ginger is India with 380 100 t harvested in 2009. The biggest producer per capita is Nepal, in 2008 they produced 176 602 t, which is about 6.2 kg of Ginger per each Nepalese. Nepal uses about 0.5% of all arable land for ginger production.
Worldwide, there were about 237.7 grams of ginger available to every human in 2009, which is quite a bit considering how little of it you need to spice things up. In a properly dried form, it would be about 40 grams.
1 618 627 tons of ginger were produced in 2009.
427 423 hectares were used for ginger production in 2009, more than ever in human history. It would be a territory bigger than Cape Verde and Aruba combined.
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Jamaica was producing some of the finest Ginger in the world not that long ago, but rhizome root disease put an end to it. In November of 2010 3-year , $12 million + project was launched to do something about it, out of which $5.8 million were provided by Jamaican government.
No meaningful results were achieved so far.
In Pakistan, for example , you get less than 500 kg of ginger per hectare. In Nigeria--710kg, and in USA-- 34000 kg per hectare. 3786.9 kg/ha was an average yield in 2009.
Best yield ever was 56174.3 kg/ha in USA (2000). Best yield of ginger worldwide was in 2008, 3810.3 kg/ha. Worst (since 1961) 1921.8 kg/ha in 1961.
Best crop ever worldwide was in 2009 (see above), worst, since 1961-- 60 360 tonnes in 1961.
|flower of ginger|
Production by country, 2006 2007 2008 2009
|Republic of Korea|
|Trinidad and Tobago|
|United Republic of Tanzania|
|United States of America|
|World + (Total)|
My usual sources are : FAO.org, usda.gov, cia.gov, alibaba.com, many others
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